Orwell’s Freedom of the Press

Orwell

As we continue our exploration of ANIMAL FARM, it is useful to investigate the perspectives and worldviews of author George Orwell!

Today, we are going to read & analyze an essay titled Freedom of the Press. What’s interesting about this piece? How about the fact that Orwell uses it to advocate for the necessity of free thought and free speech, and to condemn Britain’s policy of censoring anything that cast the Soviet Union (an ally at the time) in a negative light.

Even more interesting is the fact that this essay, about the evils of censorship, was not published as Orwell originally intended!

Click the link and follow the instructions!

THE TASK: Read FREEDOM OF THE PRESS (click for the file). Then, using the “Leave a Reply” feature at the bottom of the page, respond to the following prompts.

THE PROMPTS:
1) According to Orwell, why do English intellectuals say that ANIMAL FARM “‘oughtn’t to have been published'”?

2) Orwell writes, “For quite a decade past I have believed that the existing Russian régime is a mainly evil thing, and I claim the right to say so, in spite of the fact that we are allies with the USSR in a war which I want to see won.”

What do you think of this? What happens today when United States citizens speak against their nation or its policies?

3) Describe the meaning of the following Voltaire quotation Orwell invokes in his essay: “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.”

4) Are there any instances in which freedom of speech should not be allowed? If so, what are they? If not, why not?

5) Provide a quotation from the essay you found interesting, and describe why.

42 thoughts on “Orwell’s Freedom of the Press

  1. 1| In Orwell’s Freedom of the Press, he says that English intellectuals claimed that Animal Farm ‘oughtn’t to have been published’. He says that they would have believed it was vapid and boring, as well as a silly story about animals who talk.

    2| In this excerpt, Orwell is emphasizing his freedom of speech. He is stating that if he wanted to say something negative about the government of a country, he has the full right to do so. Today, if a US citizen were to speak badly about the United States or its policies, unless they are threatening the safety of others, nothing would happen as the US practices freedom of speech.

    3| “I may not agree with what you are saying, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” Voltaire said this during his fight for freedom of speech. The quote means that even if one does not agree with the point someone is trying to get across, they do agree that they deserve the right to speak there mind and express their opinion.

    4| In my opinion, yes, there are instances in which freedom of speech should be exempt. Such instances include whether or not they are compromising the safety of others. Using the highly used example, “yelling fire in the movie theater”. Yelling out that there is such an emergency can, and most likely will, cause a panic, potentially resulting in the injury of another.

    5| “The issue involved here is quite a simple one: Is every opinion, however unpopular – however foolish, even – entitled to a hearing?” With this, Orwell is asking, no matter how stupid, how unreasonable it is, does every matter of an opinion deserve to be communicated and listened to? In my opinion, yes. Every opinion should at least be allowed to be said aloud and be open for either praise or criticism.

  2. 1. According to Orwell, English intellectuals say that Animal Farm “‘oughtn’t to have been published’” because they will say that it is a dull, silly book and a waste of paper, along with traducing their leader and doing harm to the cause of progress.

    2. Orwell is claiming his right to freedom of speech. In the United States today, citizens also have freedom of speech and are allowed to express negative opinions about their nation.

    3. The quote means that although you don’t agree with someone else’s opinion, you do agree with the fact that they have the right to express that opinion.

    4. There are some instances in which freedom of speech should not be allowed. For example, if, by expressing an opinion, someone is threatening or possibly harming another person in some way, they should not be allowed to.

    5. “The sinister fact about literary censorship in England is that it is largely voluntary. Unpopular ideas can be silenced, and inconvenient facts kept dark, without the need for any official ban.” I find this quote interesting because it is saying that in England at the time, although there was no law addressing literary censorship, writers still chose to use it. This shows that, during that time, people were not as willing to share unpopular opinions as we are today.

  3. 1) English Intellectuals say that Animal Farm should not have been published because it is offensive. They say that the story directly target Russian dictators rather than dicatorship as a hole and they thought that it might cause problems.

    2) I think that what he wrote is fine beacause he should have the freedom to express his feelings without being punsihed for them. Today, if United States citizens speak against the government, it could spark controversy, but it is legal because of freddom of expression.

    3) In Orwell’s essay, he quotes Volataire by saying, “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.” This means that even though people have different opinions on some things, everyone is entitled to their own opion because we have rights like freedom of speech and expression and those rights should never be taken away.

    4)Freedom of speech should only not be allowed when it is putting someone elses life in danger. For example, If someone were to yell “Fire!’ In a crowded movie theter, they should get in trouble because people’s lives could have been put in danger trying to escape.

    5) A quote from the essay that I found interesting was, “The issue involved here is quite a simple one: Is every opinion, however unpopular – however
    foolish, even – entitled to a hearing?” This means that even though people’s opinions or ideas arent always the best, their thoughts deserve o be heard. I thought that was interesting because sometimes in today’s society, we disregard people who aren’t always smart because we don’t think that what the have to say is important. Orwell’s essay proves that this should not be the case.

  4. 1.) Orwell says that these intellectuals will “not attack it on political grounds but on literary ones.” For example, he says that they will call it “dull, silly, and a disgraceful waste of paper.” Obviously, these English intellectuals have strong feelings toward this book.
    2.) I think that this is completely fine and Orwell has his freedom of speech. No one should ever be told that they can’t express their feelings or thoughts. When United States citizens speak against their country, we are forced to face unnecessary consequences. An opinion cannot affect the lives of people, therefore there should be no consequences when you speak against something with your opinion.
    3.) Voltaire clearly says that there he will probably not cooperate with your opinion against a nation, but he will defend the RIGHT that every single person on this earth has to speak freely. Voltaire is totally defending freedom of speech in this quotation.
    4.) There is no instance or situation that is valid enough to prevent anyone from speaking freely. I don’t care what the scenario is, freedom of speech is necessary in this world because it brings to mind new ideas. Freedom of speech is what every American and every citizen on this earth should have granted to them because their thoughts mean more than some people realize.
    5.) “I answer simply that they don’t convince me and that our civilization over a period of four hundred years has been founded on the opposite notice,” referring to the arguments against freedom of speech. Orwell pretty much says that these arguments are a non-factor to him and that our world has gone through many rumors. I find it interesting to see that Orwell totally agrees with my opinion and that our civilization, in Orwell’s and I opinion, has evolved on the opposite side of the realm, teaching our people that freedom of speech is wrong.

  5. 1. According to Orwell, English intellectuals say that ANIMAL FARM “oughtn’t to have been published” because they are scared of public opinion. They are not worried about being prosecuted for having published the book, but instead being judged and criticized by other people. Orwell believes this type of thinking from publishers is the worst thing a writer has to face when trying to get a novel published.

    2. I think that Orwell liked to take advantage of his freedom of speech, having lived in the United States. Even though the Unites States was allies with the USSR, Orwell was against it entirely and wanted the war to be won. He thought it was right to express his ideas and opinions. Today, if you speak against your nation in the United States, you may draw attention to yourself but will not be prosecuted. The Untied States grants all citizens freedom of speech.

    3. The quote means that even though Orwell may not agree with an opinion of someone else, he does agree that they have the freedom of speech. Even if Orwell finds their opinion wrong in his mind, what he finds right is that everyone and anyone can speak their mind and opinion without fear of prosecution.

    4. I think that freedom of speech should always be allowed under most circumstances. People do not always have to agree with eachother, everyone has the right to their own opinions. However, if what is being said is beyond the right given and ends up hurting someone. No one should take advantage of the right and go too far with mean words or information.

    5. A quote I found interesting was, “If it did the opposite, they would have nothing to say against it, even if its literary faults were ten times as glaring.” I find this quote interesting because it shows Orwells’ thoughts and disagreement about the decision to publish books. He is saying that when publishers decide wether or not to publish a book, they should look for wether the book is good, and not if it will cause controversy. The people should look for an actual bad story to talk against rather than a good one that displays freedom of speech.

  6. 1) According to George Orwell, English intellectuals say that Animal Farm should not have been published because they thought it was a dull and silly book. Also, they do not like the fact that it speaks badly of their leader as an ally of Russia and does harm to the cause of progress.
    2) George Orwell is completely entitled to his opinion on the Russian regime. He has every right to speak out against his country’s ally, and he not only has the right to, but he also is obligated to give his opinion as a figure who people admire for his intellect and value his opinion. People who are in positions and have careers where their opinion is highly thought of should share this opinion with the public.
    3) When Voltaire said that he does not agree with what people say but will defend to the death their right to say it, he meant that no matter what a person says, even if there is not a shred of truth or intelligence to be found in it, that person has every right to say what they have to say. Voltaire was a big believer in freedom of speech, and this quotation is a good example of Voltaire’s philosophy. All people are equal, so we all are entitled to say what we would like to say.
    4) There is only one instance in which freedom of speech should not be allowed. This instance is when people are speaking in the form of slurs or intentionally demeaning somebody. Intentionally causing emotional pain or degrading a person is unacceptable. Everybody should be able to say what they want to say, but if they are insulting a person, they have no right to do so. Freedom of speech is a human right, but not everybody has it. People who do should use it to speak out against injustice rather than causing harm to people.
    5) One quotation from the essay I found interesting is, “After all, acres of rubbish are printed daily and no one bothers.” Most people perceive authors as people who can take any bad piece of literature and find something good about it. Most people think authors appreciate all literature because authors work with literature on a constant basis. But Orwell, one of the greatest writers of all time, criticizes most literature that has been written while being totally destructive. This quotation is interesting because it is not what one would typically expect of a great author, the complete demeaning of most literature.

  7. 1) English intellectuals say that Animal Farm “‘oughtn’t to have been published” because the novel was offensive to those in power at the time. Orwell believes that those who oppose the book, are merely opposed to the criticism of their leader at the time. The intellectuals were afraid of public opinion, not in fear of being punished, but in fear of being judged or criticized. This criticism is believed, by Orwell, to be the worst criticism a writer can receive.

    2) I think that in Orwell saying that he was completely against the alliance with the Soviet Union, but he wanted to win the war, he expressed his freedom of speech. If you speak against today’s government you may draw attention to yourself, but will not be persecuted due to the right of freedom of speech.

    3) The quotation means that even though you may have a difference of opinion, he will agree with your right to speak your mind and not be prosecuted. Everyone is entitled to their own opinion. He will fight to the death for you to be able to speak freely.

    4) I think that freedom of the speech should always be allowed, unless the right is abused and hurts someone or exposes information that is not to be told.

    5) The quote that I found most interesting through the essay was, “In
    this country intellectual cowardice is the worst enemy a writer or journalist has to face, and that fact does not seem to me to have had the discussion it deserves.” I think that this quote is interesting because it says that in this country the worst enemy to a piece of writing are those that are afraid of anything that may be politically incorrect or that goes against popular opinion. Orwell believes that this topic should be discussed more often seeing as though it is the worst enemy of writers and journalists.

  8. 1. According to Orwell, English intellectuals say that Animal Farm should not have been published due to the “cowardice of society.” That the intellectuals are not afraid of prosecution, but public opinion. Writers have many obstacles to face, but the worst one that the writer must intervene with is the fright of the society’s thought of them. Also it shouldn’t have been published because it goes against their beloved leader (or to which as they see it).

    2. I think that this is matter of opinion and any nation that has to censor what the public has to say is not thoroughly angry with them, but afraid of the public’s reaction to the idea. Because the US citizen has the right to freedom of speech nothing happens to that person for they have that right to speak their mind.

    3. Voltaire is expressing the though that if you defend your right until death that it will matter and change the world. It will show other people not to let the world influence your thoughts, but help share them. For you may have an idea that could solve world hunger, or cure cancer. But if you do not share it and defend it, it will go to waste and the government will always be in control.

    4. Freedom of speech should always be aloud. It could change the way people think and spark new ideas. Freedom of speech could bond society together for the people that have the same ideas and innovations. After all, the people that spoke their mind ended up in history books.

    5. “These people don’t see that if you encourage totalitarian methods, the time may come when they will be used against you instead of for you.”
    This quote interests me because it shows that totalitarian methods that where created by these dictators and rulers, and that soon they will come to a disastrous fall. Only because of these methods that were created by them, will be used against them.

  9. 1.English intellectuals say that ANIMAL FARM “‘oughtn’t to have been published’” because it was making fun of the Russian Government and many people would be offended and angry because of it.
    2.Orwell is saying he doesn’t like the Russian Government and never has, even though his country is allies with the USSR. I think Orwell definitely has the right to do so. People voice their opinions about the Us and its policies all the time. Sometimes it makes a difference sometimes it doesn’t, but either way people like the country.
    3.“I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.”
    Voltaire is saying that everyone deserves the right to speak there mind and voice opinions. Even though he may not agree with peoples opinions he will fight for their right to share them.
    4. Freedom of speech is a great thing. People can voice ideas and opinions. However, sometimes people use their freedom of speech for evil. Yes, you are entitled to your opinions but when they are rude or mean about someone else you should keep it to yourself. Do not misconceive unnecessary rudeness for freedom of speech.
    5.”The English intelligentsia, or most of them, will object to this book because it traduces
    their Leader and (as they see it) does harm to the cause of progress. If it did the opposite they
    would have nothing to say against it, even if its literary faults were ten times as glaring as they
    are.”

    I found this quite interesting and true about any one person as well. If something makes a person look bad they will not hesitate to object it. However, when something makes a person look good it will be praised and glorified. People don’t want to here about the bad stuff as true as it may be. If it makes a powerful person look bad then its “wrong” and that’s just how the government wants it to be.

  10. 1) According to Orwell, English Intellectuals did not think the book should have been published. These people did not attack the book Animal Farm based on Orwell’s opinions but on the writing it self. They believe that the book is dull and very silly and also because what he said should not be said at all.

    2) I believe Orwell has a right to speak freely about the Russian regime and i also think that what he said it true. In other counties, People can speak there mind in the Untied states because of freedom of speech, but if you are against your nations you might be looked down upon by other citizens.

    3) The quote, “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it” is about freedom of speech. Voltaire was trying to say that even if someone says something that you do not agree with everyone has a chance to speak their mind.

    4) There are many instances where freedom of speech can not save you. If you are continually harassing someone and saying awful things to them it can be considered illegal. Also death threats and bullying is punishable. If you say whatever is on your mind it might not be the best thing to do.

    5) “If publishers and editors exert themselves to keep certain topics out of print, it is not because they are frightened of prosecution but because they are frightened of public opinion.” I think that this is a very interesting quotation and i have never really thought about this topic before. I did not know that the publishers were afraid of the public opinion, but it does make sense because they need books to be bought from the people.

  11. 1) English intellectuals say that ANIMAL FARM “‘oughtn’t to have been published’” because more often than not they will consider it a dull, silly book and a disgraceful waste of paper. Also, some individuals feel that it traduces their leader.

    2) I feel that it is a very risky comment to make especially when you consider that he could easily get in serious trouble do to his actions. Although that might happen in Russia, in the U.S. there is a freedom of speech so therefore there would be no consequences unless it involves violence.

    3) “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it,” is a saying that is said by Voltaire and it explains that although he may disagree with what people say, he will fight for peoples freedom of speech because he feels that people have the right to speak freely.

    4) There are definitely instances that freedom of speech should not be allowed. Instances that freedom of speech should not be allowed is when it involves violence, or it reveals secrets such as the case with Edward Snowden.

    5) “It would be less offensive if the predominant caste in the fable were not pigs,” is a quote I found to be quite interesting from this essay. I found it interesting and kind of funny because it just goes to show how easily people could be irritated during this “edgy” time period due to the fact that people were scared of the outcome if they didn’t properly obey.

  12. 1. According to Orwell, English intellectuals say that ANIMAL FARM “‘oughtn’t to have been published'” because it impugns their leader and harms the cause of progress.

    2. I think what the message in this is supposed to be is the idea that the U.S. helped Russia and the idea of Communism. Int he U.S., everybody has freedom of speech but in Russia, nobody but the Czar did.

    3. The meaning of the following Voltaire quotation Orwell invokes in his essay: “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.” is that he respects Voltaire’s right to free speech, but that doesn’t mean he has to agree with it even though he tolerates it.

    4. There are many instances when freedom of speech should not be allowed. This is when you say something and it offends other people such as racist comments. This also includes threats as in “I will kill your whole family.”

    5. The quote “freedom for the other fellow” interests me the most because Rosa Luxembourg said it and she has the same name as a European country and I would like to know if she has any relation to the naming of that country.

  13. 1) Orwell said English intellectuals said that Animal Farm “oughtn’t have been published” because it mainly focuses on making fun of Russia, not just a certain type of government in general.

    2) I think that by saying this, Orwell is expressing his freedom of speech. He does not like Russia’s government even though his country is allied with Russia. Today in America, people also have freedom of speech. They are allowed to express their feelings and say what they want.

    3) Voltaire’s quote “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.” means that he will do anything for freedom of speech. Even when people say that freedom of speech is wrong, Voltaire still considers that an example of freedom of speech which is a right he is willing to defend.

    4) I think freedom of speech should always be allowed because people have the right to express their opinions and feelings. Without freedom of speech America and the world would be completely different and less diverse.

    5) The quote I chose was “But now to come back to this book of mine.” I found this quote interesting because it shows how Orwell gets so off topic when he writes. He is really creative and is not afraid to write about what he feels which is a great example of freedom of speech. I really found it interesting.

  14. 1.) English intellects ought to have been published because the publisher feared the public’s opinion. The publishers weren’t afraid of getting charges with anything but feared how the public would respond to this book.

    2.) Orwell did not like the U.S. alliance with the Soviets. Orwell also wanted to win the war also. He believed that he had the right to freedom of expression and freedom of speech. Nothing happens when people speak out against U.S. government because we have our rights. Maybe some people might agree or disagree but they cannot take legal action.

    3.) This quote that Orwell quotes from Voltaire means that if Voltaire disagrees with what someone says he will defend the right of freedom of speech because freedom of speech is an imperative part of society.

    4.)No, I believe that hate groups such as the KKK should not have the right to speak about races in negative or harmful ways. Also saying stuff that sounds harmful such as, “There is a bomb!” in like a plane or a public setting should not be allowed.

    5.“These people don’t see that if you encourage totalitarian methods, the time may come when they will be used against you instead of for you.” This quote is interesting to me because he is saying how things that can help you (such as totalitarianism) can turn against you and not help you.

  15. 1) According to Orwell, English intellectuals say that ANIMAL FARM “oughtn’t to have been published because the object to ANIMAL FARM speak of their leader and harms the cause of progress.

    2) I think it talks about when the US helped Russia. I also think its talking about communism. Something u say in Russia, the outcome could be different in the US. when you speak against your nation or its policies today in the US, you are given the freedom of speech. you have the right to say what ever you think is right

    3) this quote seems like whoever said it is sad but yet ready to help the one who is in need. It is an example of tolerance. Even though he does not agree, he is ready to help.

    4) There are many instances when freedom of speech should not be allowed. This is when you say something and it offends other people such as racist comments. Also insulting someone that has been an influential star like the presidents or like historical people.

    5). “Naturally, those reviewers who
    understand the art of denigration will not attack it on political grounds but on literary ones. They
    will say that it is a dull, silly book and a disgraceful waste of paper.” I find this quotation to be true in many ways. People are against and for many things. Like if i write a book/article criticizing president Obama, people who are for Obama would criticize me and say i am an idiot but people that are not for president Obama would most likely agree with me. Its interesting because the people who are usually right are accused of being wrong.

  16. 1. George Orwell said that English intellectuals thought ANIMAL FARM should not be published because it was clearly a satire of the Russian government instead of mocking totalitarian governments in general.
    2.Orwell is saying that he doesn’t agree with the Russian’s government’s policies but he has the right to express his dislike even though his country is allied with the Russians he would be happy to see the Russians win the war they are currently in. Even today people in the US express their feelings about the things they don’t like about their country even though they do like many aspects about this country.
    3.Voltaire’s quote, “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.” means that people have the right to free speech and even though Voltaire may not like what someone is saying, he understands that people have the right to say it and Voltaire will fight to make sure they keep that right.
    4.I think there are some cases where freedom of speech should not in cases such as hate speech where people are purposely trying to anger people for no reason. People shouldn’t be allowed to hurt people verbally just because they don’t agree with them. They have the right to say whatever they want but they shouldn’t waste it insulting others.
    5.I found the quote, “One of the peculiar phenomena of our time is the renegade Liberal.” because it is saying that Liberals are newer in this time and that they defend democracy is by arguing against totalitarian governments.

  17. 1) English intellectuals “oughtn’t to have been published” because it was going against the person in power at this time and that way not have gone well with many people at the time. English intellectuals also thought that it should not be published because during this time period the publisher feared public opinion. The publishers were not worried about being prosecuted for publishing the book but fear how the public ill feel about it. Orwell did not believe in this type of thinking. He believed that you shouldn’t have peoples opinions stop you from publishing a novel.

    2) Orwell did not like the U.S. alliance with the Soviet Union. But Orwell also wanted to win the war. He believed he had the right to use his freedom of speech and express his feelings. Today, if you speak out against your country you will draw attention to yourself, but will not be prosecuted due to the freedom of speech.

    3) The quote means that even if Orwell believed that even if he did not see your opinion as right, you still have the right to argue and say what you believe

    4) I believe that the freedom of speech should always be allowed under almost all circumstances. Everybody should have the right to say what they please unless the begin to abuse this right and take advantage of it and use it in the wrong way.

    5) “as Rosa Luxembourg said, is ‘freedom for the other fellow.'” Rosa Luxembourg is saying how she believes that the other person has a right in their side of an argument. No person should have the freedom of speech taken away from them.

  18. 1. In this passage, George Orwell describes how people call his book dull and simply a bad book. He thinks that his bad reviews are based on the fact that his ideas go against the reviewers personal beliefs or against their leaders beliefs.

    2. I think that Orwell’s opinion on the Russian regime is appropriate based on the fact that in the United States today and in any other industrialized government at the time would not have severely punished its citizens for speaking out for their beliefs.

    3. This quote from Voltaire means that the Freedom of speech is an important right to have even though one person’s opinion may not be worth hearing. Voltaire was an advocate for the freedom to say whatever his opinion was and what anybody else’s opinion was.

    4. There are a few instances, in fact, where the freedom to say whatever you want is exempt. One of those cases is if somebody was harassing somebody else and told that person to go kill them self, and the person being bullied does kill them self, then the person who did the harassing can be arrested for manslaughter. I think cases lke these are perfectly acceptable for freedom of speech to be ignored.

    5. “One would no more expect the Daily Worker to publicize unfavourable facts about the USSR than one would expect the Catholic Herald to denounce the Pope.” I find it interesting because the use, and maybe over use, of propaganda is an interesting and sometimes touchy subject.

  19. 1) He thinks that English intellectuals find it to be a “disgraceful waste of paper” for its silly animal metaphors and ideas.

    2) Today, when someone speaks out against the government, they are completely allowed to do so unless it is a direct threat. I think the quote is true, as everyone should have a freedom to speech.

    3) The Voltaire quote is in defense of freedom of speech, saying that even if you disagree with what the speaker says, they should be allowed the right to say it anyway because it is their opinion.

    4) The only time I can think of freedom of speech not being allowed is if it is a threat or harmful words towards a group. If it is a mocking statement, perhaps it can be allowed, but if it is downright aggressive then it should not fall under a “freedom of speech” but as a harmful threat.

    5) “If one loves democracy, the argument runs, one must crush its enemies by no matter what means. And who are its enemies? It always appears that they are not only those who attack it openly and consciously, but those who ‘objectively’ endanger it by spreading mistaken doctrines. In other words, defending democracy involves destroying all independence of thought.”

    On the theme of freedom of speech, I find this quote interesting because it basically sums up the issue that brings about argument when discussing what should be allowed to be said and what shouldn’t. It asks if certain things should be published if they go against the idea at hand. It also expresses that sometimes the opinions of journalists can be more harmful than that of politicians, perhaps because it is the “view of the people” rather than just someone trying to win an election.

  20. 1) Orwell says that the English intellectuals didn’t think Animal farm should have been published because they are more comfortable attacking literature than they are attacking politics.

    2) I think that Orwell has the right to feel this way. He is allowed to hold an opinion of a political system and not get into trouble for voicing his thoughts. In the United States nowadays, you are allowed to voice any opinion you want about the government, or someone else’s governmental system.

    3) Voltaire was saying that even if he doesn’t think your opinion is right, and disagrees entirely with it, he will still defend your right to give your opinion. Because it is a natural right to be able to voice your mind, even if your mind isn’t the same as someone else’s.

    4) Freedom of speech should not be allowed when you are slandering another person with incorrect information. It should also not be allowed to verbally abuse somebody with derogatory terms based on their looks, sexuality, gender, or religion.

    5) “I am well acquainted with all the arguments against freedom of thought and speech – the arguments which claim that it cannot exist, and the arguments which claim that it ought not to. I answer simply that they don’t convince me and that our civilization over a period of four hundred years has been founded on the opposite notice.”

    I like this quote, because Orwell is saying that he knows there are arguments against freedom of speech and he understands them, he just thinks they’re wrong and ridiculous. He’s calling people stupid essentially in a classy way.

  21. 1. English intellectuals said that Animal Farm shouldn’t be published because it focused mainly on Russian communism and some of the metaphors he made might offend the “touchy” Russians.

    2.Orwell was against the Russians and the way they controlled things. I think it was an okay thing for him to say because it’s his opinion and everyone should be allowed to have an opinion. Nothing happens when Americans speak out against their government because in the Bill of Rights it gives Americans freedom of speech.

    3.This quotation means that you might not agree with everyone’s opinion but everyone should be able to say it.

    4.Freedom of speech is good to a point but there are some things better left unsaid, such as in bullying.

    5.”I am well acquainted with all the arguments against freedom of thought and speech – the arguments which claim that it cannot exist, and the arguments which claim that it ought not to. I answer simply that they don’t convince me and that our civilization over a period of four hundred years has been founded on the opposite notice.” I found this quote interesting because of the very truth to it. Our world would not have progressed if people didn’t speak out with their opposing opinions.

  22. 1. Intellectuals said that Animal Farm shouldn’t be punished due to the fact it focused on the Russian communism with many metaphors that may offend Russians.

    2. I believe that Orwell does hold the right to this opinion is which the way Russians controlled. I believe it is ok for him to make this statement due to the fact every person has a right of speech. In America, you are not punished for speaking your mind and against the government, our Bill of Rights allows us to have these freedoms. Though many may not agree with someones opinion, everyone still has the right to say it.

    3. Though I may not agree with your ideas, you still have the right to have them.

    4. Yes there are some instances in which some thoughts are better left unsai.

    5. ” I am well acquainted with all the arguments against freedom of thought and speech – the arguments which claim that it cannot exist, and the arguments which claim that it ought not to. ”
    I find this quote interesting for several reasons, one being that he is stating he knows ” why freedom of speech should be abolished ” but finds that it is something we can never get rid of. He realized that there is no way to stop the thoughts of others and respects it.

  23. 1.) Intellectuals thought Animal Farm shouldn’t have been published because it was so closely related to the Russians and they found it offensive.

    2.) I think Orwell was against the Russians and didn’t like how they ruled. He found what they did was evil. Today, when US citizens speak against their nation in politics, not much can happen. We have a law from the Bill of Rights that states all citizens have the freedom of speech. Therefore we’re allowed to say what’s on our mind.

    3.) To me, Voltaire’s quote means that even if he doesn’t agree with you or what you have to say, he will listen and hear you put.

    4.) In some ways freedom of speech is a good thing to have, but some things are better left unsaid.

    5.) “I am well acquainted with all the arguments against freedom of thought and speech – the
    arguments which claim that it cannot exist, and the arguments which claim that it ought not to.” I find this quote interesting because Orwell states how people are allowed to have opposing opinions. They are allowed to think different than others and speak what’s on their mind.

  24. 1) English intellectuals criticized Orwell’s book for being ‘a dull, silly book and a disgraceful waste of paper.” But that in reality they did not wanted it published because it poked at the USSR.

    2) I think Orwell calling the USSR evil, even though his country was in an alliance with them and he wanted to see the war won, shows that he won’t silence himself and his criticisms of the USSR even though they are fighting together.

    3) The Voltaire quote is one Voltaire said on the subject of free speech. He is saying that he believes in being able to say what you think or mean, even if Voltaire doesn’t personally agree with it.

    4) I think freedom of speech is important, and is what keeps a country from plunging into a very deep hole of corruption. And while people may abuse this right to be hateful – or even just spread information that is plain wrong – it is important not to limit what people can say.

    5) “But the chief danger to freedom of thought and speech at this moment is not the direct interference of the MOI or any official body.”

    I found this quotation interesting because usually when one thinks of censorship of speech and written word, they almost always first think of the government. I find it interesting that it is possible that it is not the government or any department of government that could be censoring people, but that the people would be censoring themselves because the topic makes people uncomfortable or angry.

  25. 1. English intellectuals say that “Animal Farm” should not have been published because at the time they were allies with the Russians. They felt that the criticizing of the Russian government was “causing harm to the cause of progress”. Also, the book spoke badly of their Leader. If the book supported Russia, even if it was written badly and incredibly boring, they would have had no problem with it being published.

    2. Even though Orwell is British and is speaking out against Britain’s actions, I think he has the right to say it. There is a difference between opposing your country as a whole and opposing the actions that it takes. People have the right to their own opinion, and as long as they do not cause trouble with their opinion there is no reason for them to be silenced. I am not quite sure what happens when people speak out against the US while being a citizen because I have never seen it happen, but I hope the government will let it go unless the people cause trouble.

    3. Even if one does not agree with what another is saying, they do not have the right to keep them from expressing themselves. One will work to allow the other to say what he wants even if the two of them do not share the same opinion or ideas.

    4. I think people should be allowed to have freedom of speech as long as they are not abusing the privilege. If someone believes strongly in what they say, and if there is reason in their words, then what they say is not wrong. If someone were to express lies that would be used to hurt other people for no good reason, then they should not be allowed to say it.

    5. “Is every opinion, however unpopular – however
    foolish, even – entitled to a hearing?” I found this interesting because a lot of people wonder this, namely my parents when they have to deal with certain people during meetings. I think that everyone’s opinion should be heard out of politeness, even if it makes no sense. It does not have to be taken seriously or into consideration, and not ignored. Sometimes, if at first something that someone says makes no sense, it may prove useful later on.

  26. 1).Orwell says the English intellectuals said that because this book will basically call out their “leader” and they will think it will cause change to their government.In their review, they call it a bad book because it offends their political thoughts, but they say it’s bad because it has literacy problems. But, Orwell makes a good point by saying if it hadn’t had anyone of the political part inside of it, they wouldn’t of called it a bad book when they reviewed it.

    2). I think it was a very important to be said because I think many other people were afraid to say that, and because he said that, it could encourage other people to speak out. When people in the U.S talk about their politics, they have the right to do so. They can do it as much as they want and whenever they want. But, some people go more thank just talking against but use violence, which is were in some cases it can get very out of hand.

    3). The Voltaire quote Orwell uses is quite simple. The quote is saying that you have every single right to say what you want, but it doesn’t mean I agree, or I have to agree, with what you say.

    4). I think Freedom of Speech should be allowed at all times. In my mind, every single has a thing to say and their thoughts and ideas are just as important as anyone else. People should be proud of their thoughts, even if it offends something, like in this case, a political power.

    5). I think the quote from question one was very important, that the book was “oughtn’t to have been published”. I think was a very cheap, but important, said by these reviewers. They criticized the book for it’s literacy problems, when it had other political information that offended them. Like I said before, Orwell made a very good point by saying that they wouldn’t have criticized it’s literacy problems if it didn’t offend their political views at the time.

  27. 1. English intelectuals believe that Animal Farm was a dull book and a waste because it was getting published at a bad time. It was criticizing the Russian government during times of reform.

    2. I think this is a strong and well said quote. Orwell is expressing his dislike over the Russian government and is using his freedom of speech. Today in the US, people have the right to speak out against their government. If people didnt speak out, the government wouldnt be aware of any possible flaws and how to fix them for the greater good of the people.

    3. This quote is explaining the true meaning of having freedom of speech. The duties of a government is to protect every persons natural rights and to provide for the common population. Voltaire is speaking as what the government should be like by saying the the government should protect the freedom of speech for each individual, even though it may go against governmental ideals.

    4. I think that there are instances where freedom of speech should not be allowed. I agree with how the American Bill of Rights governs freedom of speech. Once an individual speaks violently, then they have lost their privilege of freedom of speech.

    5. “Obviously it is not desirable that a government
    department should have any power of censorship (except security censorship, which no one
    objects to in war time) over books which are not officially sponsored.” I found this interesting because some countries try to control what the people of a nation can, and cannot see. In my opinion, censorship causes social blindness.

  28. 1) English intellectuals say that Animal Farm “‘oughtn’t to have been published’” because they thought it was a dull and silly book.

    2) That is Orwell saying what he thinks about the USSR. If a citizens speaks against their nation’s policies people will disagree with them and mostly likely discuss beliefs.

    3) It means that even though i may not agree with you, i will defend your right for free speech with my life.

    4) I believe a person should not have the freedom of speech when they cannot support their side of the conversation or argument with logic or facts.

    5) i thought that the quote “‘It oughtn’t to have been published'” was very interesting. Although they have a right to their own opinion, those English ‘intellectuals’ did look at the true meanings and connections between Animal Farm and the real life Soviet Union.

  29. 1.) According to Orwell, the book Animal Farm should not have been published because it is overall just a bad book. English intellectuals referred to the book as dull and silly. They told him that the book was a complete waste of paper because it is a silly fable having to do with talking animals.
    2.) In the written passage by Orwell, he basically criticizes the Russians and says
    that he has the right to say their regime is an evil thing. I don’t believe it is fair for him to criticize the Russians when he himself is from England, not Russia, and probably has more rights as a citizen. Yes, in the United States today we are allowed the right of Free Speech, but that was not necessarily the case back then in Russia. It would be fair if he was under Russian rule and didn’t like it, but he is under a totally different government. Today when US citizens have the right to speak up against the government as long as it doesn’t turn violent.
    3.)In Orwell’s essay, he adds a quote from Voltaire. That specific quote refers directly to free speech and a citizen’s rights. Voltaire is saying that he may not necessarily believe the same thing as someone else, but he will forever try to protect their right as a citizen to same what they please. Voltaire wants equal rights for everyone, even if he doesn’t necessarily have the same views on matters as them.
    4.) The only real limit to free speech is if someone says something that could potentially physically hurt someone, such as a threat. Other than that, as long as people stick to criticizing the country’s government or rights, it is ok. Just do not criticize a specific person or threaten them. That is when matters will just get worse.
    5.) “The word ancient emphasizes the fact that intellectual freedom is a deep-rooted tradition without which our characteristic western culture could only doubtfully exist.” I really enjoy this quote because it doesn’t just talk about the word ancient meaning old, it talks about a completely different meaning behind it. When he writes the quote he is saying that ancient is more than a two word meaning, it emphasizes that these traditions have been around for an extremely long time and they have come to shape our culture. I find that he puts a spin on an old perspective which is very interesting, and really gets you thinking.

  30. 1) Animal Farm shouldn’t be published according to English intellectuals because it is not interesting and silly. English intellectuals also believed that it traduces their leader and did damage to the cause of progress. They also found it insulting to leaders.

    2) This quote basically states the George Orwell believes that he has the right to state his opinions whenever he wants to. He also believes that the Russians are evil, but he does want the war to be won. I think this is a very direct quote on Orwell’s opinions as well. If US citizens speak against their nation’s policies or the nation itself, nothing really happens. Maybe they are ridiculed or judged, even criticized, but they aren’t punished through means of arrest. Because of the right of free speech, US citizens can say whatever they want, even if it is against their own nation or its policies.

    3) This Voltaire quote means that he might not agree with what a person is saying, but he will defend their freedom of speech or right to say it to the death. This shows that Voltaire was very passionate about freedom of speech.

    4) Freedom of speech should be allowed at all times, as long as the opinion or what the people or person is saying is true. People should not spread false information about the government. If this happens, people could become worried or scared or happy depending on what information is being spread.

    5) “By the known rules of ancient liberty.
    The word ancient emphasizes the fact that intellectual freedom is a deep-rooted tradition without which our characteristic western culture could only doubtfully exist. From that tradition many of our intellectuals are visibly turning away. They have accepted the principle that a book should be published or suppressed, praised or damned, not on its merits but according to political expediency.”

    I found this quote interesting because it expresses the opinion that intellectuals are looking the other way from principle of thought. They turn their heads by banning books and censoring thoughts that seem wrong or out of line to them. They believe that a book should be rated based on its political stance instead of its quality.

  31. 1) The English intellectuals thought that ANIMAL FARM was published at the wrong time. They thought this because at the same time the Russians were having internal problems. This relates to ANIMAL FARM because two Russian people emerged as leaders. Just like how the pigs took control over the farm.
    2) I think this was a accurate quote. Orwell is stating his dislike for the Russians and how they run tier government. He is also taking advantage of his freedom of speech. Today in the US, it is allowed for people to speak out against their government. If nobody ever spoke out to the government, then problems could not be addresses,
    3) Voltaire is describing the meaning of freedom of speech. He is showing to the government that everyone as natural rights and freedom of speech. This helps the population because they can bring up problems to the government. Even if what they are saying goes against government ideals or rules.
    4)There are some cases when the freedom of speech should be minimized. In the beginning, everyone should have the freedom, until they do something to make the freedom taken away. This could be being violent or using unnecessary language.
    5)” Our Government, as I have already pointed out, still makes some show of respecting it. The ordinary people in the street – partly, perhaps, because they are not sufficiently interested in ideas to be intolerant about them – still vaguely hold that ‘I suppose everyone’s got a right to their own opinion’. It is only, or at any rate it is chiefly, the literary and scientific intelligentsia, the very
    people who ought to be the guardians of liberty, who are beginning to despise it, in theory as well as in practice.”
    I found this interesting because it shows that government gives some respect to the people, but then it also takes some away. The people must take advantages of the small chances that they have and get what is wanted.

  32. 1.) According to Orwell English intellectuals say Animal Farm should have been published because in literacy terms the book is silly, dull, rubbish and the people who read it would not connect Russian Dictatorship to the book about farm animals.

    2.) I think Orwell statement about the Russians should be accepted as a normal response because everyone is entitled their own opinion and be able to speak his mind freely, but he should have at least toned down his statement because even though he dislikes it others might and that’s offending them. Today U.S citizens have the right to speak freely about their opinions without facing consequences, but when they turn their opinion into a conflict among nations it can cause a problem.

    3.) Even though i might not agree with your opinion i will still make sure you have a fair say in the matter is meaning behind Voltaire’s quotation.

    4.) Freedom of speech is only bad when the opinion of a person turns into a major conflict that can create unnecessary violence or hatred towards an idea or thought. other than that Freedom of Speech should always be aloud because it lets people express themselves and opinions without the thought of being afraid of getting in trouble for expressing your opinion.

    5.) ” freedom for the other fellow.” is a good quote because everyone should be entitled to their own opinion and have freedom of speech because its natural right of the people.

  33. 1. According to Orwell, the book Animal Farm should not have been published because it was a bad book. English intellectuals said that it is dull and silly book that is a huge waste of time and paper.
    2. From the following quote I believe that he does have the right for freedom of speech and what he says is only justify his beliefs. Orwell is basically criticizing the Russians and their government. Even though he has not experienced the Russians ways of life he still has a right to an opinion and thought. Nowadays, if U.S. citizens speak against their nation, it shows up on multimedia but you have the right to anything you want to say unless it gets violent, then people step in.
    3. Voltaire has a very meaningful and strong quote located in Orwell’s essay, which is describing citizens right to freedom of speech and rights. He speaks up and tries to shows the government that everyone has natural rights and should be able to be given them.
    4. When freedom of speech cannot be involved is when their is the possibility of physically harm to be done to a person or people. For instance the Winter Olympics is on; there are serious concerns of harm to be done to innocent people. In order to keep people safe they are being extra careful at airports and major populated centers.
    5. A quotation I found interesting was the following, “Is every opinion, however unpopular – however foolish, even – entitled to a hearing?” This quote drew me in because, I always feel as though nobody ever listens to my opinions. Also whenever a major opinion starts up it heats up a major debate on delicate topic it starts a ‘war’ of harmful words. For instance: 9/11, people can bring up conspiracy theories in front of someone who lost someone dear in that tragedy. While others want to forget others want to ‘relive.’

  34. 1) According to Orwell, English intellectuals think that Animal Farm oughtn’t have been published because it’s a waste of paper and insulting to the leaders. They also thought that it would interfere with progress.

    2) Orwell was saying that just because they are allies with the USSR, that does not mean he agrees with their social and political structures. He believes that he is entitled to say what he thinks, even if it is possibly insulting. United States citizens are allowed to openly criticize the government and there can be no repercussions as long as what they are saying is non-violent, and they can also criticize any part of the nation. Some controversy may arise with some statements and spark debates and such, but there can be no legal trouble as long as what you are saying is non-violent.

    3) The meaning of that quote is that you might disagree with someone’s opinions and thoughts, but you will support their right to say it.

    4) Freedom of speech should always be allowed as long as what you are saying is true. It should not be allowed if you are slandering someone and spreading false information about a person or an event and pretending that the information you are giving is true.

    5) “:They have accepted the principle that a book should be
    published or suppressed, praised or damned, not on its merits but according to political expediency” I find this quote to be interesting because he is saying that depending on the political ideas of a book and the ideas it might be not be published instead of based on how well-written it is.

  35. According to Orwell, English intellectuals said that Animal Farm n’t to have been published because “it is a dull,silly book and a disgraceful waste of paper”.

    I think that Orwell has the right to speak out about his views on the soviet union. Today in the U.S people have the right to speak out about there views on the government and there nation but depending on what they are saying people could be for them or agaianst them.

    The quotation “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.” means that he will defend you because you are friends and he thinks you should have a right to say it but he doesnt agree with you.

    Freedom of speech should be allowed because it lets you express your views on specific topic and lets people view the topic in a different way.

    ” I am well acquainted with all the arguments against freedom of thought and speech – the arguments which claim that it cannot exist, and the arguments which claim that it ought not to.” I thought this quote was interesting because the part were he says it out not to and it cannot exhist seem like they would be the same arguement against freedom of the press, and by this i think he is trying to say noone really argues the other side and thats why people are so against this.

  36. 1. They said it was dull and silly and a disgraceful waste of paper.
    2.`When U.S. citizens speak out against policies nothing happens to them as long as its peaceful but if the cause destruction then they can be arrested.
    3. He means that he will defend because your are friends but that doesn’t mean that your right.
    4. Yes, there are times when freedom of speech shouldn’t be allowed. When it should is when your talking to someone with authority over you.
    5. Again, the Catholic Church has considerable
    influence in the press and can silence criticism of itself to some extent. I chose this quote because i was wondering when the Catholic church will be stopped and not have a say in anything.

  37. 1) According to Orwell, the English intellectuals say that animal farm shouldn’t have been published because they said that it was a dull, silly book and a disgraceful waste of paper.
    2) When Orwell says “For quite a decade past I have believed that the existing Russian regime is a mainly evil thing, and I claim the right to say so, in spite of the fact that we are allies with the USSR in a war which I want to see won.” I think that it simply means that he has a right to his own opinion about the Russians. Today in the Untied States when citizens speak up against their nation they have a right to as long as its peaceful.
    3) The meaning of the quotation is that he doesn’t necessarily agree with you of what you stand for but you have a right to say whatever you want.
    4) Freedom of speech should not be allowed when you are speaking to someone who has a higher rank or more authority than you.
    5) ‘It oughtn’t to have been published’ this is interesting because they didn’t want the book published because it criticized the Russians.

  38. 1.)According to Orwell, English intellectuals say that ANIMAL FARM ” oughtn’t to have been published” because it is a silly book, with a dull plot and a waste of paper. They did not want to attack the book politically so therefore they did in a literary way, saying the things above as well as other things.

    2.)I think it is okay for Orwell to speak out against the Russians in that way because he is speaking his mind and his opinion. Even though the USSR are allies with Russia he can still hold his own views about the situation and the country itself. He has the freedom of speech and press, allowing him to say what he thinks and wants.Today, if United States citizens speak out against the Russian nation or policies, they can with nobody really caring. But, if they violently attack the Russians or do something to put the United States or Russia in danger then they would be i trouble with the government or law.

    3.)“I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.” This is a very powerful quote said by Voltaire, and invoked into this essay. This quote has many meanings and ways to interpret it. The main idea of it is freedom of speech. It explains that a person may not agree with what is being said but they will defend to their death the right to say it. Even though what is being said may be wrong in someones opinion, they will always defend them in their right to be speaking their mind.

    4.)I think that there are no instances when freedom of speech should not be allowed. I think this because i believe that everyone has and deserves the right to say what they want and speak their mind. If others do not agree with what they are saying then they can argue it or just listen and not comment about what is being said.

    5.)”The word ancient emphasizes the fact that intellectual freedom is a deep-rooted tradition without which our characteristic western culture could only doubtfully exist.” I found this quote interesting because it explains how there are really two meanings to the word ancient. It describes that one word can have so much meaning and how the word ancient is a symbol of freedom and tradition.

  39. 1) According to Orwell, English intellectuals say that ANIMAL FARM should not have been published, because it “traduces their Leader and… does harm to the cause of progress.”

    2) This statement, I feel, is that Orwell may be allied with Russia, but he is only in for his own benefit. Despite being allied with Russia, he has the right to believe that their motives may not be of the best interest to him and the others in the alliance. He was given the freedom of speech, and he chose to use it which is perfectly acceptable. Today, if one were to speak out against something like this, it may be tried to be hushed up. However, the person will have every right to say it and bring awareness to the matter.

    3) The meaning of the Voltaire quote is that even though he may not support the other person’s opinion, he will support it until the end if it is the truth and right choice. This quote helps to say that people should not just shut out an idea that is not of benefit to them, but to look at it for what it really is.

    4) Freedom of speech should always be allowed, because if one person thought that it was of importance to bring up then it should in fact be looked in to. However, in the case of confidential documents and classified information, people should always be quiet about it and not publicly talk about it.

    5) “To keep him shut up, without trial, in 1943 was an outrage.” I find this quote interesting, because it shows how unfair and corrupt government can become. Despite being able to have the right of speech, sometimes it is revoked and it is unfair to the individual and society as a whole.

  40. 1) According to Orwell, English intellectuals say that ANIMAL FARM “‘oughtn’t to have been published’” because it disgraces their leader.

    2) I feel that Orwell is being very controversial. He is saying that even though USA is allied with them, Russia is an evil nation. I feel like today when you speak out against the USA today, despite the best of efforts to keep you quiet they always end up being the loudest, either being on tv or any other sort of public attention.

    3) This is really expressing the freedom of speech and saying that you may be saying the exact opposite as someone else (whether its something wrong, mean or whatever) but you still have the same amount of right to say it as the other person.

    4) I think there are certain cases when someone should not be presented the freedom of speech. I think that this is the case for anyone looking to do harm to something or someone or just someone with evil intentions. For example, someone who is planning the killing or harming of a society, town, race, country, etc., should be presented the same rights as someone who is trying to go green, start a club, or anything else harmless like that.

    5)”The issue involved here is quite a simple one: Is every opinion, however unpopular – however foolish, even – entitled to a hearing? Put it in that form and nearly any English intellectual will feel that he ought to say ‘Yes’. But give it a concrete shape, and ask, ‘How about an attack on Stalin? Is that entitled to a hearing?’, and the answer more often than not will be ‘No’.”
    I found this interesting because Orwell is providing a good example of how people can say one thing and then do another. He is not only defending himself but taking a stab at those “Englishmen” at the same time.

  41. 1. English Intellectuals said that “Animal Farm” shouldn’t have been published for a few different reasons. They did not only do this, but they tried to cover up their real reasoning for why they thought this with lies. Instead of their real reasoning, they simply said it was a bad book. This, however, was not the case. The real reason why these Intellectuals said it was a bad book was that they thought it “traduces their Leader and (as they see it) does harm to the cause of progress.” This means that they thought “Animal Farm” was insulting the Soviet government at the time, and they responded to this “insult” by trying to insult George Orwell by saying it was a bad book.
    2. This quote from George Orwell is basically saying that even though England is allied with the Soviets in a war that Orwell wants to win, that doesn’t mean he values and respects their government. You can be allied with a country and work very closely with that country, but that doesn’t mean that you have to value and respect their form of leadership, even if it is egregiously wrong. This relates to the United States on a variety of levels. Even though you have the freedom here to speak out against, say, the President, if you do so, that doesn’t stop people from thinking you’re wrong. It’s kind of the inversion of what Orwell is talking about here. For example, you could say, “I wholeheartedly disagree with the president’s views.” Someone listening could be nodding and going along with what you are saying, but in their mind they could be thinking that you are wrong in every way possible.
    3. Throughout the essay, there is one quote that greatly interests Orwell: “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” This Voltaire quote is referring to freedom of speech and press laws. It means that freedom of speech and press are very important cornerstones in society. A person could be saying something completely absurd, but the right that they have to say what they are saying is extremely valuable, and it is something that Americans are very privileged to have.
    4. I don’t think freedom of speech should be allowed when you are striking out to target and hurt a specific person or group. I don’t think it’s right for somebody to be speaking, and say something that is purposely only pertaining to one person. I don’t think it’s right if a speaker specifically goes out of their way to hurt another specific person or group.
    5. One quote I found interesting was “Is every opinion, however unpopular – however foolish, even- entitled to a hearing?” I think that this is interesting because in his essay, Orwell talks about how intellectuals will say that not every idea is entitled to a hearing. I think the opposite of this. For example, if you say something completely absurd, like “I think pancaked should have diplomatic immunity,” I believe that as long as it is not offending any person or group, it should be entitled to a hearing. I believe that criticism on the government should be allowed to be said, as long as it doesn’t offend anyone or any group of people.

  42. 1) Many intellectuals criticized Animal Farm on a literary standpoint. They argue that Animal Farm “‘oughtn’t to have been published’” because it is boring and has no meaningful point. They also disagree with Orwell’s decision to make animals as the main characters in the book.

    2) Although Orwell is going against the common belief at that time, I believe that Orwell should have the complete freedom to express his opinion on any matter. Even if people do not agree with what is being said, it is always important to let others share their thoughts on the issue. Unlike many people of that time period, and even today, Orwell formed his own opinion on the matter and did not just believe what he was being told by his government. In the U.S.A. today, it is important to always voice your opinion, even if it goes against the status quo. if you do share your opinions, you do not get penalized today in the U.S.

    3) In Orwell’s essay, he quotes a very powerful line by Voltaire, “I do not agree with what you have to say, but I’ll defend to the death your right to say it.” The message that is trying to be conveyed is that every person should be able to freely express their opinions, even if they are completely different than your own. Voltaire and Orwell both have a strong belief in the freedom of speech and are willing to defend that right for everyone.

    4) In most cases, freedom of speech should be completely allowed, but there are some times when this right can be restricted. I think that it is important to draw the line for freedom of speech when it becomes a threat or a harassment to someone. As soon as violence becomes involved it is important to take precautions in what is being said. It is fairly difficult to decipher what should be allowed and what should not be allowed but is important to do so in many situations.

    5) I find the quote made by Orwell, ”The issue involved here is quite a simple one: Is every opinion, however unpopular – however foolish, even – entitled to a hearing?” one of the most interesting. Although it is easy for many people nowadays to answer “yes” to this quote, it is often not put into action. How often do you see people wholeheartedly disagree with with another opinion, but listen and allow them to voice their thought anyways? It is a very rare sight. So with this, I would answer yes to Orwell’s question but i would like to stress the difference between believing in something and putting it into action.

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